This page list all events and seminars that take place in the department this week. Please use the form below to choose a different week or date range.


A Solution to Ringel’s Circle Problem (1959)

May 17, 14:30—15:30, 2022, Math -101


Shakhar Smorodinsky (BGU)


In 1959 Gerhard Ringel posed the following problem which remained open for over 60 years. Suppose we are given a finite family $\C$ of circles in the plane no three of which are pairwise tangent at the same point. Is it possible to always color the circles with five colors so that tangent circles get distinct colors.

When the circles are not allowed to overlap (i.e., the discs bounded by the circles are pairwise interiorly disjoint) then the number of colors that always suffice is four and this fact is equivalent to the Four-Color-Theorem for planar graphs.

We construct families of circles in the plane such that their tangency graphs have arbitrarily large girth and chromatic number. Moreover, no two circles are internally tangent and no two circles are concentric. This provides a strong negative answer to Ringel’s 1959 open problem. The proof relies on a (multidimensional) version of Gallaiӳ theorem with polynomial constraints, which we derive using tools from Ramsey-Theory.

Joint work with James Davis, Chaya Keller, Linda Kleist and Bartosz Walczak

אשנב למתמטיקה

בעיית אוסף הקופונים

May 17, 16:10—17:30, 2022, אולם -101, בניין מתמטיקה


דניאל ברנד


בכל קופסא של דגני בוקר ישנו קופון. יש $n$ סוגים של קופונים. הקופונים שווי שכיחות. כמה קופסאות יש לקנות בממוצע על מנת להשיג לפחות קופון אחד מכל סוג?

הבעייה ידועה כבעיית אוסף הקופונים. היא הוצגה כבר ע”י דה-מואבר לפני יותר מ-300 שנה.

נציג מספר תוצאות המתייחסות לבעייה ולואריאנטים שלה וכן מספר שימושים.


Ribet’s lemma for GL_2 modulo prime powers

May 18, 16:00—17:00, 2022, -101


Amit Ophir (HUJI)


Ribet’s lemma is an algebraic statement that Ribet used in his proof of the converse of Herbrand’s theorem. Since then various generalisations of Ribet’s lemma have been found, with arithmetic applications. In this talk I will discuss a joint work with Ariel Weiss in which we show that two measures of reducibility for two dimensional representations over a DVR are the same, thus answering a question of Bellaiche and Cheneveier, and deducing from it a particular generalisation of Ribet’s lemma. An interesting feature of the proof is that it applies to both the residually multiplicity-free and the residually non-multiplicity-free cases. I will discuss an application to a local-global principle for isogenies of elliptic curves.

BGU Probability and Ergodic Theory (PET) seminar

Characters of groups, stability and sofic dynamical systems Online

May 19, 11:10—12:00, 2022, -101


Arie Levit (Tel-Aviv University)


We study the character theory of infinite solvable groups, focusing on the metabelian and polycyclic cases. This theory has applications towards the Hilbert-Schmidt stability of such groups - whether almost-homomorphisms into the unitary groups U(n) are nearby honest homomorphisms? We explore an interesting link between stability and topological dynamics via a notion of “sofic dynamical systems”. I will introduce all relevant notions.

The talk is based on a joint work with Itamar Vigdorovich.

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