Mondays 11:00-12:00

A place to learn about all things noncommutative analysis. From operator algebras, systems, and spaces to noncommutative functions and their commutative shadows.

The seminar meets on Mondays, 11:00-12:00, in 32/114

This Week


Place: Building 32, room 114

Zhuang Niu (University of Wyoming)

Structure of crossed product $C^*$-algebras

Consider a dynamical system, and let us study the structure of the corresponding crossed product $C^*$-algebra, in particular on the classifiability, comparison, and stable rank. More precisely, let us introduce a uniform Rokhlin property and a relative comparison property (these two properties hold for all free and minimal $Z^d$ actions). With these two properties, the crossed product $C^*$-algebra is shown to always have stable rank one, to satisfy the Toms-Winter conjecture, and that the comparison radius is dominated by half of the mean dimension of the dynamical system.


2021–22–B meetings

Date
Title
Speaker
Abstract
Apr 4 The Radius of Comparison of a Commutative C*-algebra Chris Phillips (University of Oregon)

The radius of comparison of a C-algebra is one measure of the generalization to C-algebras of the dimension of a compact space. Part of the Toms-Winter conjecture says, informally, that a simple separable nuclear unital C*-algebra satisfying the UCT is classifiable if and only if its radius of comparison is zero. Nonzero radius of comparison played a key role in one of the main families of counterexamples to the original form of the Elliott classification program.

It has been known for some time that the radius of comparison of C (X) is, ignoring additive constants, at most half the covering dimension of X. (The factor 1/2 appears because of the use of complex scalars in C*-algebras.) In 2013, Elliott and Niu used Chern character arguments to show that the radius of comparison of C (X) is, again ignoring additive constants, at least half the rational cohomological dimension of X. This left open the question of which dimension the radius of comparison is really related to. The rational cohomological dimension can be strictly less than the integer cohomological dimension, and there are spaces with integer cohomological dimension 3 but infinite covering dimension.

We show that, up to a slightly worse additive constant, the radius of comparison of C (X) is at least half the covering dimension of X. The proof is fairly short and uses little machinery.

Apr 11 A new universal AF-algebra Wieslaw Kubis (Institute of Mathematics, Prague)

We introduce and study a new class of separable approximately finite-dimensional (AF) C* -algebras, namely, AF-algebras with “Cantor property”. We show the existence of a separable AF-algebra A that is universal in the sense of quotients, i.e. every separable AF-algebra is a quotient of A. Moreover, a natural extension property involving left-invertible embeddings describes it uniquely up to isomorphism.

This is a joint work with Saeed Ghasemi. The paper is Universal AF-algebras. J. Funct. Anal. 279 (2020), no. 5, 108590, 32 pp.

May 23, In Building 32, room 114 Structure of crossed product $C^*$-algebras Zhuang Niu (University of Wyoming)

Consider a dynamical system, and let us study the structure of the corresponding crossed product $C^*$-algebra, in particular on the classifiability, comparison, and stable rank. More precisely, let us introduce a uniform Rokhlin property and a relative comparison property (these two properties hold for all free and minimal $Z^d$ actions). With these two properties, the crossed product $C^*$-algebra is shown to always have stable rank one, to satisfy the Toms-Winter conjecture, and that the comparison radius is dominated by half of the mean dimension of the dynamical system.