The seminar meets on Tuesdays, 16:00-17:00, in 201

This Week


Noam Lifshitz (Bar Ilan)

Sparse sharp thresholds and hypercontractivity

The sharp threshold phenomenon is a central topic of research in the analysis of Boolean functions. Here, one aims to give sufficient conditions for a monotone Boolean function f to satisfy\mu_p(f)=o(\mu_q(f)), where q = p + o(p), and \mu_p(f) is the probability that f=1 on an input with independent coordinates, each taking the value 1 with probability p.

The dense regime, where \mu_p(f)=\Theta(1), is somewhat understood due to seminal works by Bourgain, Friedgut, Hatami, and Kalai. On the other hand, the sparse regime where \mu_p(f)=o(1) was out of reach of the available methods. However, the potential power of the sparse regime was suggested by Kahn and Kalai already in 2006.

In this talk we show that if a monotone Boolean function f with \mu_p(f)=o(1) satisfies some mild pseudo-randomness conditions then it exhibits a sharp threshold in the interval [p,q], with q = p+o(p). More specifically, our mild pseudo-randomness hypothesis is that the p-biased measure of f does not bump up to Θ(1) whenever we restrict f to a sub-cube of constant co-dimension, and our conclusion is that we can find q=p+o(p), such that \mu_p(f)=o(\mu_q(f)).


2018–19–A meetings

Date
Title
Speaker
Abstract
Nov 13, 16:10–17:10 Finitely Forcible Graphons Roman Glebov (BGU)

Abstract: In extremal graph theory, we often consider large graphs that are in the limit uniquely determined by finitely many densities of their subgraphs. The corresponding limits (so-called graphons) are called finitely forcible. Motivated by classical results in extremal combinatorics as well as by recent developments in the study of finitely forcible graphons, Lovasz and Szegedy made some conjectures about the structure of such graphons. In particular, they conjectured that the topological space of typical points of every finitely forcible graphon is compact and finitely dimensional. In joint results with D. Kral, T. Klimosova, and J. Volec, we could disprove both conjectures.

Nov 20 Sparse sharp thresholds and hypercontractivity Noam Lifshitz (Bar Ilan)

The sharp threshold phenomenon is a central topic of research in the analysis of Boolean functions. Here, one aims to give sufficient conditions for a monotone Boolean function f to satisfy\mu_p(f)=o(\mu_q(f)), where q = p + o(p), and \mu_p(f) is the probability that f=1 on an input with independent coordinates, each taking the value 1 with probability p.

The dense regime, where \mu_p(f)=\Theta(1), is somewhat understood due to seminal works by Bourgain, Friedgut, Hatami, and Kalai. On the other hand, the sparse regime where \mu_p(f)=o(1) was out of reach of the available methods. However, the potential power of the sparse regime was suggested by Kahn and Kalai already in 2006.

In this talk we show that if a monotone Boolean function f with \mu_p(f)=o(1) satisfies some mild pseudo-randomness conditions then it exhibits a sharp threshold in the interval [p,q], with q = p+o(p). More specifically, our mild pseudo-randomness hypothesis is that the p-biased measure of f does not bump up to Θ(1) whenever we restrict f to a sub-cube of constant co-dimension, and our conclusion is that we can find q=p+o(p), such that \mu_p(f)=o(\mu_q(f)).

Recurring Seminar run by Dr. Charles Wolf and Dr. yelena yuditsky